Droughts and MRE

By vertigo in Home Block, Survival, Preparedness and Disaster Relief
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"Thousands have lived without love. Not one without water."

Water is the source of all life on earth. Had it not been for water, crops would not have grown on the soil and there would not have been any food for man to eat and humanity to survive. However, with the noticeable increase in the dearth of water in different countries all over the earth, it is becoming difficult for farmers and agricultural companies to keep up with the demand for food. Climatic changes are contributing to the extremes in temperatures, cutting down on precipitation. When this lack of rainfall, lasts for a long time in a given region, it results in a prolonged shortage of water supply in that area. This lack of water supply leads to failure in crops of the area thereby leading to a condition that we know as drought. As droughts result from a severe imbalance of water themselves, they further cause an invariably drastic impact on the ecosystem of the place. From human beings to animals, every living creature that does or does not depend on water is somehow affected, and the intricate balance of nature is thrown out of order leaving everyone in plight. One of the most critical health effects of drought is that people die of hunger because there is a shortage of food supply and a stark spike in the prices of food commodities that are available in the market as not everyone can afford that. Drought does not just affect the region for as long as it persists. Even after conditions of drought are overcome, the after effects linger on for some time. For the time that it lasts it also causes a significant damage to the local economy of the area. If the region experiences hot and dry seasons, then that can worsen the conditions. Drought does not occur all of a sudden. It is a cumulative condition that occurs after a prolonged shortage of water, and several factors contributing to increasing the possibility of drought occurring in a region. From the lack of precipitation, deforestation that further causes soil erosion, climatic changes to the rise in the duration of dry and hot seasons, drought can result from any natural or man-made cause. You must keep an eye on the changes that the environment you are living in is undergoing as this will help you in understanding whether a drought is near or not. The first step to prepare for a disaster is to prevent it from occurring. Drought does occur from natural causes, but that too is a result of human activities. If your region is suddenly experiencing a lack of rainfall and a noticeable change in temperature, it is because of global warming that is a result of increasing pollution, the release of greenhouse gasses and ozone depletion all of which have been induced by man. The damage is done, but you can contribute in your little ways to prevent that from intensifying.
  1. Conservation of water: Shortage of water is the cause by drought and the best way to counter that is to conserve water. While you cannot make it rain, you can always work toward saving it from getting exhausted. The tiny little efforts include closing the tap off completely and not letting even a single drop of water go down the drain without using it. And this is not just for the drought. For every drop that goes down unused, there is a human being that dies of thirst. You can switch to using materials and devices that require less water than usual. For example, if you replace your conventional toilets where you need to flush after every use, with compost toilets then the work is done without a single drop of water being lost. Farmers and agricultural farms are resorting to new technology, such as the sprinkler irrigation system that uses far less water than the traditional irrigation system to grow the crops.
  2. Xeriscaping: More often than not, people have a garden in which they like to have all sorts of plants. Though growing trees and plants are one of the best things you could do for the environment and yourself, if you only bring about a slight change, then it would be so much better. That small change is xeriscaping. Through xeriscaping, you could tend to your love for your garden by growing plants that are native to your region. Since native plants and trees are well adapted to the local climatic conditions, they need less water to grow. As a result, you will also be saving a lot of water that was earlier used to water the non-native plants.
  3. Reuse of water: This is one of the best ways of conserving water. Numerous companies are developing water recycling plants that take the water that is supposed to run down the drain and purify it making it ready for use yet again. There are flushing systems that come with a sink on the top of the flush so that the water you use to wash your hands is what fills ups the flushing cistern and then flushes out of the toilet. You can save a significant amount of fresh water through this on a daily basis.
  4. Prevention of pollution: This is one the biggest challenge that faces the human race today. With the developing standards of living, everyone needs the latest and the best of everything not knowing if that commodity in any way is contributing to polluting the environment in its lifecycle. Avoid using chemicals in your house and your garden as the water that runs off from there may join the water supply thereby contaminating it.
These efforts are necessary for the long-term, before, during and after the drought to ensure that the extreme conditions do not return. Even if you do not live in a dry or a drought-prone country, you must contribute to saving water to the best of your ability. Drought is an extreme shortage of water, and you have to remember that not even rainfall will be able to end it altogether. Unless it is heavy and lasts for a long time, all it will do is provide you a temporary relief. There have been some severe droughts in the history of the world and with the current conditions, some equally alarming droughts are predicted to come. So it is important for you to act as soon as possible. Here is how you should prepare yourself when the drought occurs:
  1. Water Supply: The first thing that you need to do before the drought occurs is to check from where you get water in your home supplied. From groundwater sources to surface water sources, knowing this will help you assess the level to which you will be affected by the water and food crisis when drought occurs. This knowledge will help you prepare better.
  2. Store Water: The next step after you have completed your analysis of the risk is for you to look for ways to store water for your personal use during the time the drought conditions will persist. This storage is not for a few days. Drought lasts from a few weeks to months. All you have to do is ration your family's water needs, and you are good to go. Storing large water containers will not help because no matter how purified the water is, over time it will develop unwanted bacteria. A wonderful alternative for this is 'survival' water alternatives. From drinking water packets to containers, water purifiers, water barrels that contain water that will not go bad up to its expiry date, you can get anything when it comes to MRE. MRE drinking water packets and cans come with a four day to a one-year supply. So you do not have to worry about calculating how many packets you will need. If a member of your family drinks more water than usual or needs to drink more, such as nursing mothers or people who are suffering from some illness, then you can stock up accordingly. Also, it is impossible to be at as much liberty with water consumption during the drought as in normal conditions so you must educate everyone in your family about how to consume only enough water to keep their daily needs satisfied.
  3. Rain Storage System: Installing a system at your home that will store the rain water will be a great way of saving it for when you later need it. All you have to do is get a large drum and place it at the point from where the water from your roof falls. You could use filtering and purifiers to treat the water before consuming it.
  4. Food supply: Since drought conditions result in crop failure there is a sudden inflation in the price of food products that are available in the market. In such a case it is essential for you to stock up food at home to feed yourself and your family during the drought. You can opt for MRE or Meals, Ready to Eat because they are an excellent alternative over any other canned or stored food. There are a few reasons that make MRE the best survival food.

- Our MREs provide 1300 calories of energy in each meal that you consume keeping you healthy and energetic.

- Each pack of MRE is packed in hermetically sealed environment, so the nutritional value does not depreciate over time

- Unlike canned foods that have added preservatives and can last for only a few months, you can get MREs that contain homestyle food that can last for up to 5 years.

- MREs are easy to store and do not require additional heating before consumption, hence the name Ready-To-Eat.

Along with MREs or Meals, Ready to Eat, you can also store essential grains like wheat and rice so you can prepare food with them when you want. Developing ways to save water wastage, conserving water and saving up food so you don't experience the severity of the drought is all you can do to keep yourself and your family safe. However, you must realize that human efforts can prevent the conditions that lead up to the drought. If you live in a naturally dry region that is prone to drought then building dams and canals will help in creating a channel of water supply that will substitute for the dearth of water. Not only should you save water but also encourage others around you for the same. Water pollution comes as the biggest problem in the case of a drought. Therefore, you along with others as a community must stand together to prevent water pollution and encourage its conservation.

How to Cheat Death on a Deserted Island: 7 Survival Tips

By vertigo in Home Block, Discover XMRE
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What if your plane crashes, or your boat hits a rock, and you find yourself on a deserted island - out of supplies and all alone! What do you do then? Do you let the initial shock get a strong hold on you and accept defeat, or do you fight for another chance at survival in the civilized world no matter how slim your odds are? Finding yourself thousands of miles away from civilization in an unknown island can be daunting, and succumbing to death may seem to be the only viable option. But if you love your life, you cannot give up so easily! You must strive hard and try to make use of whatever you have got for the sake of another shot, with the help of the following tips: 1. Take a deep breath In a life or death situation, losing your calm is the worst thing you can do. But, it is also the most common. As a matter of fact, our body is designed to produce fear responses when it finds itself in a scenario that it perceives as dangerous. While this is a very basic survival mechanism and is usually helpful, it can hinder you in a time like this if you are not careful. The thing is when you are not calm your mind cannot think properly, and when that happens, you lose the ability to make the right decisions. So, no matter how scared you feel inside, take a deep breath and calm yourself down. Accept that you are on a deserted island, and think of ways to deal with your situation from there, because trying to be delusional will only hurt you. Watch your thoughts, too. Turn any negative thoughts you may encounter into positive ones consciously. It is perfectly normal to feel fear, anxiety, stress, nervousness, and a lot of other things when you are in a truly tense situation. But, if you want to survive, you must put your feelings aside and think logically. No matter how compelling, you cannot let your feelings drive you when your existence itself is at stake. 2. Do some damage control Once the initial shock is over and you are sufficiently calm, check your body for any injuries. If you have injuries, take immediate action to treat them even if you are not the best caretaker you know. Of course, you cannot go to a hospital. Also, the chances are that you may not have any first aid kit with you, either. So, you may want to make use of everything from your handkerchief to any medicinal herb that may be present in your vicinity to get back in shape. Also, do not do anything foolish, like allowing your injuries to heal themselves. Even if your injuries seem small, do not ignore them. This is especially advisable if your surroundings are very hot, or very cold. In a survival situation, catching an infection is the last thing you want! 3. Start searching for water While food is important to stay alive, you can survive for about a week in the absence of food. But, surviving for such a long time without water is not possible. So, make sure that you start looking for drinkable water as soon as you can. Try locating a waterfall, spring, or lake nearby. That said, if you find yourself next to a sea, never ever drink seawater, though. Water found in a sea contains a dangerously high level of salt, and so drinking such water can be deadly for you. Seawater can raise your blood pressure, increase heart rate, cause kidney failure, and damage your body in a number of other ways. If you drink a lot of seawater and do not get medical help later, you will be literally dead after a while. In case you cannot find any reliable water source nearby, you may want to collect rainwater. Collecting dew is not a bad idea, either. For the purpose, you can use a bottle if you have it. In case you do not have a bottle, try using something else, like your shoe. As disgusting as it sounds, in an extreme situation, you can drink your own urine, too. 4. Build a temporary shelter After you solve the water puzzle, it is time to build your own little cottage in the wild. Of course, given your situation, you cannot hope to build something lavish and idyllic. But, at least, you can build something that can do the job of protecting you during your stay. Make use of tree branches to build the frame of your tent and cover it using big leaves and other coverings found in nature. If you have a raft, you can set it against a big rock or other similar structure to build an instant tent, too. Just make sure that your tent is strong enough to protect you from rainfall, the wind and other harsh elements of nature. Note that it is best to be done building your shelter before it is dark, as remaining exposed at night in an unknown location is not a smart idea from a safety perspective. After all, on an island where no human presence is evident, it is very much possible that wild animals are present. Also, if possible, try to build your structure somewhat above the ground. That way, you will be able to avoid having to tolerate insects and bugs getting inside your tent and crawling all over your body. 5. Begin food hunting Even though it is possible to get by for a few days by drinking only water, if you can find food, go ahead. If you are fortunate enough to find yourself in a location where lots of fruits are nearby, you are good. However, if not, you may want to go for fishing. You can take a thin branch and make it a fishing pole. Then, find a river nearby and start fishing with your new pole! In case fishing does not seem like a practical option, you may consider eating edible plants and bugs. However, be very careful if you choose this route. You must have a good knowledge about different plants and insects. Otherwise, you may end up eating something poisonous and harming yourself in the process, instead of helping yourself. If you find yourself with a few meals ready to eat packages, though, that is the ideal case scenario. A good MRE package not only contains lots of calories but also gives you the option to eat relatively tasty food no matter where you are. With the help of flameless ration heater, you can have your food heated even in the absence of water and fire. Not just that, most good MRE packs come with spoons and other extras. XMRE, we are manufacturer that makes MRE meals in the USA and delivers all over the world, we are one of the most trusted MRE makers. Each of the packages is lightweight and military grade, for more info click here. You can carry them however you want, without having to worry about them getting damaged. 6. Build a fire Building fire is one thing you need to consider, as well. Dead tree barks, dry leaves, and many other natural things should come to your aid in this regard. With the help of fire, you can cook any fish that you end up catching. You can also use fire to warm your water, or make it suitable for drinking. Other than that, if the location seems really cold, fire can help you spend time in comfort. In a really cold weather, fire can help you avoid diseases that occur due to excessive cold. But, make sure that you do not build a fire that is too great in size, especially during the night. If you do, you may end up attracting the unwanted attention of wild and dangerous animals. If possible, do not build a fire at night, at all. 7. Help yourself get rescued While all of the above tips are well and good, you cannot just sit there and enjoy your mini vacation, though. If you want to survive that, you must find a way to get out. In case your woes started as a result of a plane crash, the chances are that a rescue team will start looking for you immediately, as planes are monitored very carefully. The same can be said about a large ship. However, if you were on your own, then it is possible that nobody really knows that you are in trouble. And even if someone does, the person has no idea where you are! There are two options you are left with. You can either wait for a rescuer, or you can leave your comfort zone and try finding someone for help. Both the options have their own pros and cons. If you stay in the same place, you have predictability working in your favor. However, what if nobody arrives? What if you remain stuck there and something unfortunate happens? If you take the other route and start searching for rescuers on your own, you can have the advantage of actively seeking survival. But, again, this method may not always work. The best case scenario is if you find yourself on a beach and build your tent nearby. This way, you can wave to any passer-by and have someone help you. In any case, it is strongly recommended that you keep your ears open for the sound of a helicopter, or a boat. Minimizing the odds If you are an adventurer, the best thing you can do is minimize the odds of finding yourself in trouble in the first place. First of all, always tell someone where you are going and when you intend to return. This way, if anything should happen, you will, at least know that someone knows where you are. You may even want to describe each and every detail regarding your route and give the person a map before embarking on your journey. Secondly, take a GPS with you. This idea may not always work, but is a good supplement that should not be ignored. Thirdly, no matter where you go, take a few MRE packages with you, preferably made by us. Compromising on food is not something you want to do if staying alive is important to you. Besides, packing an MRE is far easier than packing a stove and lots of other things. Fourthly, always take small things like knife, match, torch and others. Even the smallest thing may help you in the biggest way when your life is at stake, you never know! And lastly, never ignore any of the above advice no matter how big of an expert you are. Most people who get into trouble do so because they get too confident at some point and start thinking that trouble cannot find them. Do not commit the same mistake! Trouble can find anyone. So, whether you are doing your stuff for 5 years or for 50, always be sure to tell someone before you leave the house and take all the important stuff with you. Just because you completed 1000 trips without any harm does not mean that the next trip will unfold the same way. Confidence is good, overconfidence is not. Surviving a life or death situation is all about acting smart and utilizing the most of what you have got. In many ways, it is about holding on to your sanity, too. To get out of trouble, you must act toward preserving your mental agility and not lose hope no matter how bleak things may start to seem. There are incredible stories of people who cheated death itself, who survived against all odds. So, as long as it is not the end, you must not give up. You must keep pushing till the last breath if your situation demands no less than that.

Desert Camping and MRE

By vertigo in Featured, Home Block, Adventure
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Deserts have a definite singular mystic charm associated with them. And the one thing that you discover on your trip to the desert is that it is so drastically different from the wastelands all littered with bones and carcasses as depicted in some of the typical cowboy films. From an exotic landscape to the experience of living in different climatic conditions, from unusual plants to some equally fascinating indigenous animals, the deserts have it all. Yes, an outdoor trip to a desert is quite different as compared to an outdoor trip to any other natural surrounding. But if you are a true adventurer with an insatiable thirst for adventure, thrill and excitement then a desert camp is something that you definitely must plan to go to while you still have time on your hands. And even if you are not the kind of outdoor pleasure seeker stated above but have been contemplating your options about where to go for having that ultimate experience, then going to a desert camp is the answer. Do not be discouraged by what you hear about the conditions of the place being too harsh, of course, they are harsh, but just enough for you to adapt to them in time. The key to any outdoor trip is preparation. There are just a few tips and tricks that you need to keep in mind that will not just help you in packing your stuff for the trip but will also come in handy during your adventure. As long as you are well prepared to counter every possible situation with the right preparation there is nothing you cannot accomplish. After all, what is life if not a challenge. Here are some tips on how to begin your planning and some on how to execute those plans successfully.
  1. Water, Water and lots of Water: The first thing that comes to your mind when a picture of the desert pops up in your imagination is a lot of sun with sand blowing in your face and you feeling thirsty. That's right! It is of paramount importance, and there is certainly no way to emphasize on just how important carrying lots of water on your desert camping trip is. Deserts have a hot and dry weather and even if you do as much as move inside your tent, you will feel thirsty because dryness and heat are in the air during the daytime. If you are on the move, there isĀ  even more reasons to have a lot of water supply to replenish all the energy you are losing while treading on the hot sand. Given the conditions, you will feel thirsty more frequently than you usually do and you will drink much more than you usually do. Considering all this, the first threat that any desert camper faces is that of getting dehydrated in case he/ she doesn't have enough water. Stick to the rule of having, at least, one gallon of water supply for each person per day. Study the area carefully and identify the water sources so that you can direct your route towards them in case you need to refill your supplies. Carry water purifying tablets if you fill water from these sources. One tip that you definitely must remember throughout the trip is to keep drinking water at regular intervals. Waiting to drink water till you start feeling thirsty means that dehydration has already made its way to you. One of the ways to gather the supplies is to opt for MRE or Meals, Ready to Eat that offer packets of water. These MRE packs contain water in packs that are rugged and impact resistant.
  2. Have respect for nature: If you are a first-time camper, then here is one rule that every camper lives by, and that is reverence for the natural surroundings. Be it a plant or an animal, or just the landscape itself, do not attempt to bring back anything apart from memories and leave behind anything other than footprints. Deserts are flourishing with some fascinating creatures that you will find at no other natural surroundings on earth. From lizards, snakes, foxes, scorpions and more, make sure that all you do is act as a spectator. Most of these creatures pose little to no harm but unless you are a wildlife specialist who knows which creature is what and what kind of injury it can cause, try not to breach their territory. There is a difference between being adventurous and being foolhardy.
  3. Watch your step: Take each step after you have had a good look that your path is clear because creatures like rattlesnakes and some kinds of lizards are so well blended with the desert environment when it comes to color that even if you slightly overlook you might find yourself stepping on one. Rattlesnakes especially come out on dirt roads and paths to get some heat from the sun. It is, therefore, also important to do your personal research on the kind of wildlife you might encounter in the desert where you are going to. The research will help you prepare yourself in case if any of these creatures bites or attacks you so you can pack appropriate first aid supplies. Since rattlesnakes are a big threat, you might consider packing a compression bandage to slow down the spreading of the venom while you wait for paramedic help to arrive. The desert ecosystem in totality is quite fragile. The soil is already hard, and the vegetation that is present prevents that soil from becoming barren and the desert from turning into a wasteland. Do not trample any plants. It is a desert, and there is plenty of room when it comes to vegetation free muddy paths.
  4. Extreme weather: Deserts are famous for their extreme weather conditions. Moreover, depending on where you are going and the time of the year, the desert night can be quite cold. Don't be misdirected by the heat and the sun and pack nothing but sleeveless cotton shirts and shorts. Since the humidity in the desert regions is low, the night temperatures there can at times even drop below the freezing point. All that a few warm clothes will do is take up a little space in your bag but will give you all the comfort you need during the cold nights in your desert camp. So go ahead and roll in a blanket, a warm lower and a sweatshirt.
  5. Plan your day: If you are going for a trip that will last for a few days then you need to plan your days with dexterity. Deserts at times, get uncomfortable hot during the day, therefore, reserve that part of the trip for relaxing inside your tent, reading a novel or learning some facts about the desert. Plan activities early in the morning after dawn when there is a little light and close to dusk. During these times, the temperatures are fairly moderate, not too hot like midday and not too cold and chilly like during the night. This kind of planning will protect you from the heat of the sun, and you will reserve your energy for a time when the temperature outside is suitable enough for your body.
  6. Research of the area: Apart from doing some research on the wildlife of the area, also do one on the area itself. If you are a first-time camper, then you need to stick to the basics unless you have someone experienced accompanying you. Try not to be too adventurous when it comes to exploration in a such case the chances of you getting lost are quite high. Desert camping is fun, but it has its catch too. There are many situations that you might face for the first time, so you need to be at someplace where you can get instant help. Again, we are implying hard on the fact that there is nothing that you cannot counter if you have prepared yourself thoroughly but prevention is always better than cure.
  7. Sun Protection: Deserts mean the sun and your skin, unprotected and exposed to the sun means tanning and sunburn. So it is vital to pack a superior quality sunscreen lotion with a high SPF. Choose one that is not sticky because with the high temperature you will already be sweating and with the added stickiness it can get all gooey and that is not at all pleasant. Apart from the sunscreen also, pack a hat with a chin tie. Pack and wear a comfortable pair of jeans or pants rather than shorts to prevent exposure of legs to the sun. Carry a bandana or a scarf to wrap around your face if it gets too windy and a pair of sunglasses.
  8. Food: The heat and the exhaustion will take a toll on your appetite because by the time the day ends, all you would want to do is go and jump in your sleeping bag. But having a healthy, nourishing meal is a crucial part of any camping trip, more so for a desert camp where exhaustion level runs high. Because it will be quite hot, you need to take food that does not get ruined in the heat, lasts you your trip and gives you the healthy dose of nutrition you need. Just like the MRE water packets, there are MRE or Meals, Ready to Eat food packs. Here are a few of the many reasons why you must take these for your desert camping trip.

These Meals, Ready to Eat are impact resistant and rugged, so you don't have to worry about them getting affected by the climatic changes.

MREs are packed in a hermetically sealed environment so the nutrient level never degrades for as long as they are designed to last.

Each pack of MRE or Meals, Ready to Eat comes with approximately 1250 calories that are enough to keep you powered for the day.

A day pack of MRE comes with the meals for the entire day, breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner. So the MRE packs become a space saving alternative. You can check some of our products that fits the description here.

The quality of food regarding both the taste and the nutrition level exceeds that of any food that you will eat while in the camp. The variety too is overwhelming. From coffee, milkshakes, personal favorites, pickles, dessert to eating utensils, water packs, and napkins, MREs have it all.

  1. Navigation Tools: Maps, magnetic compass, pioneer star chart, GPS whatever you have in the name of navigation tools, just bring it all. Even a drive on the main road may not lead you to the destination you plan to go and to get lost in the desert nothing short of a nightmarish experience. If you find people on the way, stop and ask for directions. If there are any shops in the way, they are most probably owned by a local who knows the area well. Take a break from the ride and inquire them about the local surroundings and get a clear idea of how to reach your destination.
With the right preparation, we are sure of you having a fantastic time in the desert.

Survivalism and MRE

By vertigo in Home Block, Survival, Preparedness and Disaster Relief
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"It is one of the most beautiful compensations of life that no man can sincerely try to help another without helping himself." The world today has become largely unpredictable. Every country is fighting a battle of its own. While there are some countries that are struggling to bring economic stability, there are some that are struggling to withstand the internal social and political disruption. There are some countries that have shaken up due to a natural disaster, some that have become the target of terrorist activities while there are others that are fighting an economic collapse. No matter what situation the country is in, people everywhere, all over the world, are struggling to survive. While some are lucky enough to be living in places that have remained untouched by the horrors of nature or the wrath of man-made disasters, but despite the fact, everyone should make it a point to prepare for the worst circumstances. In the kind of world that we live it is difficult to say whether we will make it to the next day, the next month or the next year. There is no saying when your country, your city might become a target of destruction or when you might be made to face a fight or flight situation. Therefore, preparing yourself for any and every situation is a must. A movement started by a group of individuals who are actively preparing for emergencies, including possible disarray of the social and political order of the country they live in, at a level that ranges from local to international is Survivalism. The individuals or the groups of people are the preppers or the survivalists. There have been numerous events in the history of the world where survivalism has come into play. During the period between the 1930s and the 1950s, the world was in chaos with some of the greatest nations of the world pitched against each other in wars. From world war to cold war to atomic attacks, there was no way a person could survive if he weren't relying on anyone but himself for his survival. During the 1960s, the United States, due to a rise in inflation suffered economic losses followed by a decade of the battle between famines and survival. There was inflation due to the 1973 oil crisis and the common people suffered the most because they could not cope with the burgeoning prices of every commodity including the basic needs such as clothing and food. There were terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centres in New York, America on September 11, 2001, followed by bombings in Bali, Madrid and London. This was followed by the disastrous tsunami due to Indian Ocean Earthquake 2004 and the Hurricane Katarina. Currently, the critical situation in the Syria makes people reflect upon the importance of survivalism. The fear of war, internal or external, energy crisis, epidemic outbreaks and famines, economic collapses and the apparent powerlessness of the human beings against the forces of nature and the natural disasters are some of the reasons why it is important to consider survivalism as the only chance for survival. Survivalism requires you to give a thought to every aspect of your life to be able to discern your most basic needs to the most urgent ones without which you cannot survive. Survivalism is all about preparing yourself for the worst circumstances with everything that you need to be able to survive the critical time. The preppers obtain emergency medical and self-defence training, they collect and reserve food and water. The main intention behind survivalism is to become self-sufficient and capable of taking care of yourself when the crisis strikes. Some people also build shelters that they will move to in the event of a crisis. This includes underground shelters and survival retreats. People prepare themselves for everything for as long as a year. Always remember, God helps those who help themselves. The preparation for survival depends upon the circumstances for which the preppers are preparing. There are various categories into which survivalism can fit. However, the survivalists fall in more than one category when preparing themselves.
  • Safety Preparation: Making safety preparations implies preparing for situations such as fires, physical confrontations, car breakdowns, lightning strikes, train wrecks and flash floods.
  • Wilderness Survival: This involves preparing for situations such as getting lost in the wild, ship wrecks, and plane crash. This involves surviving for an un-estimated period of time till the restoration of better conditions.
  • Natural Disaster Survival: This requires preparing to survive in the event of a natural disaster such as a hurricane, earthquake, tsunami, etc. The main concerns include food, water, shelter and clothing.
  • Economic Breakdown: There are predictions of hyperinflation. When that occurs, it will be difficult to buy even the most basic commodities. People will be charged for drinking water. To prepare for such a situation, the survivalists stockpile food and water supplies that will last them for a long time.
Whatever condition it may be, what is important is survival. Here is how you can start preparing for survival in the event of an unforeseen catastrophe when it occurs.
  • Water: Human body is 78 percent water when born. It is impossible to survive without water. According to the medical science, an adult human must drink no less than eight glasses of water on a daily basis. The requirements vary depending upon the kind of place we live in which brings into account factors like humidity and temperature. It also depends upon the level of physical activity the person does. Since water is primary for existence and no other preparation matters if you fail to collect enough water, it is imperative that you collect as much water as you practically can. You must store according to the requirement of eight 8-ounce glasses or two litres or half a gallon of water per day per person. There are numerous ways in which you can store water for a long time. There are some preparations that you need to do to store water for a prolonged period because no matter how pure it was when you stored it, it will go bad due to bacterial growth.
    • Chlorine Bleach: Adding chlorine bleach to the water containers is one of the ways of preventing bacterial growth and storing it for a long time.
    • Calcium Hypochlorite: Adding a solution of calcium hypochlorite is also one of the ways of increasing the shelf life of water.
Apart from resorting to the traditional ways of water collection and storage, you can also look for ready-made alternatives. These alternatives are available in the form of MRE or meals ready to eat packs each meal of which comes with the water supply for one person for one day. Apart from that they also provide individually packed water packets that contain water that is clean and safe for drinking. From a four day supply to a one-year supply of drinking water, MREs are the best way to get rid of the tension of storing the water manually and then treating it using traditional methods that also do not ensure complete treatment.
  • Food: Food is the next basic requirement after water. When it is for a short-term preparation, you can prepare yourself well by stockpiling a lot of food items that will last you for a month or two. They include:
    • White rice and brown rice: White rice has a better storage life and will last for a long time whereas brown rice has numerous nutritional benefits and will take care of the nutritional need of your body.
    • Mixed beans
    • White sugar
    • Iodized salt
    • A gallon of oil preferably olive oil
    • Canned meats that include salmon, stew, spam and tuna.
    • Canned fruits and vegetable from a trusted brand
    • Fruits and Vegetables
These food items will come to your help if the emergency situation lasts for a month or two. Beyond that, all these items will go stale and lose the health benefits. A highly considerable option here is MRE or meals ready to eat. These meals have the following qualities:
  • Long shelf life from three days to 5 years
  • Easy to consume
  • Each MRE has 1250 calories that are just what the human body needs on a daily basis
  • No preparation required before consumption of an MRE
  • A pack for a day comes with the meals and snacks for the day, including eating utensils
  • The MRE food has a variety including beverages and desserts with the taste of homemade food
  • The MRE packs are hermetically sealed making them retain their nutritional value for a long time
  • Clothing: Clothing will come into primary play as it forms a part of the necessities that everyone needs for survival. There is no possibility of going out of your shelter once the crisis strikes; your main aim should be to conserve energy. Wearing the right clothes is the best way to do that. Inflation will prevent you from going out and buying more clothes for yourself and your family. The time when inflation hits the markets, the prices of everything will be much more than what they cost today. So it is always wise to buy now when the prices are affordable and the commodities are available in a bounty.
Buy and store long underwear, sweaters and wool caps, especially if you live in a cold region. Loss of heat mainly occurs through the head so make sure that you have some warm head covers and gears that will prevent heat loss from the head. Get the right hat that will protect you from the sun and the rain. The main intention behind stockpiling clothes is to prepare yourself for all the seasons so that you have the right clothes to wear in the right season when the crisis occurs. Here is a list of the clothing items that you must have stored with you in abundance.
  • Heavy socks
  • Gloves
  • Coats
  • Well fitted walking shoes
  • Moleskins
  • Extra shirts and pants
  • Handkerchief
  • Boots
  • Hats
  • Underwear
  • Rain gear
  • Scarf
  • Sweaters
  • Balaclava
  • Long Underwear
First Aid: Health care plays an important role when it comes to preparation. To protect yourself and your family from a crisis equip yourself with the following:
  • Large family sized industrial first aid kit
  • Herbs and a guide on herbal care
  • A guide on home remedies
  • Calamine lotion or aloe vera gel
  • 2% tincture of iodine
  • Alcohol swabs
  • Sterile gauze dressing of sizes 2X2, 3X3 and 4X4
  • Bandages of size 1, 2, 3 and 4 inches
  • Cotton
  • Latex Gloves
  • Petroleum jelly
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Thermometer: oral and rectal
  • Eye dropper
  • Safety matches
  • Vitamin supplies
  • Medicines for a cough, cold and fever
  • Activated charcoal tablets to absorb swallowed poison
As long as you are thoroughly prepared with for all your basic needs, and you have the determination to make it to the other side of the crisis, nothing can stop you.

Hurricane Preparedness and MRE

By vertigo in Home Block, Survival, Preparedness and Disaster Relief
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Hurricane is a severe climatic condition accompanied with extremely low pressure and storms. They mostly occur in tropical regions. A typical hurricane can have a wind speed of 74 to 155 miles per hour with the storms rushing from 4 to 6 feet to as high as 18 feet respectively. Hurricanes are life threatening and through flooding, strong winds and tornadoes that occur as a result of a hurricane there are a lot of losses incurred in terms of life and property. The only way to effectively deal with a hurricane is to prepare for it well in time so that nature does not catch you up off guard. Here are a few tips on how to ensure that you are well prepared for the weather:
  1. Family Disaster Plan: It is important to be aware of the impending weather conditions and then sit down with your family to discuss the future course of action. You must write down the Family Disaster Plan suggested by National Hurrican Center and discuss it with all your family members well before the storm approaches. Here is what the plan must include:

- The family must know if their home lies in the danger zone exposed directly to the hurricane or not. The awareness will help in concocting effective alternatives and in time to execute them.

- Try to figure out your zone and if you are in the danger of being affected by the hurricanes, take measures accordingly. If your home is located near a water body, it will be a wise choice to gather your essentials and move to a safer abode till the weather conditions get back to normal.

- Before leaving you must figure out where you are headed. Assess the danger of hurricane in the place you are going to.

- Equip yourself with an NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather radio with an extra pair of fresh batteries. The radio will help you in being updated about the weather conditions and the changes at all times.

- Join hands with all your family members to create a hurricane kit before the hurricane occurs. Keep the ease of accessibility of the hurricane kit in mind while preparing it. Also, you must easily be able to carry it around in case a situation comes where you need to leave your home and go to a safer place.

Here is a list of items that you must have in your hurricane kit.
  1. Blankets and pillows: It is a must to have these essentials in your kit. Stock them according to the number of members of the family. A suitable and much convenient alternative is sleeping bag. They are properly insulated and eliminate the need for a blanket. They also occupy lesser space than a blanket and pillow combined.
  1. First Aid Kit: Since you and your family are going through rough weather and the possibility of you getting trapped in your house for a long duration is very high in the event of occurrence of a hurricane; you must stock up your medical supplies. An updated first aid kit will be helpful in treating minor injuries in case of an emergency. Here is a list of must haves in your first aid kit

-Latex or sterile gloves (at least 2-3 pairs)

-Sterile dressings to stop bleeding

-Antibiotic ointment

-Cleanser

-Hand sanitizer

-Adhesive bandages in all shapes and sizes for injuries on different parts of the body

-Eye drops and eye wash solutions for decontamination of the eye

-Thermometer

-Prescription medications that include insulin injections, and asthma inhalers among others. Keep a track of the expiry date of all the drugs you buy.

-Equipment to monitor your blood pressure and glucose

-Laxatives

-Antacids

-Vitamins

-Dentures

-Prescription eye glasses (extra pair)

-Aspirin

-Scissors

-Tweezers

-Prescription eye lenses

If you have a baby, then you need some extra preparation and supplies to take care of his or her needs during the isolation time. The supplies include:

-Baby formula

-Diapers

-Medications

-Powdered milk

-Diaper rash ointment

  1. Toiletries: Stack up your kit with the essential toiletries that you just cannot go without and consider avoiding unnecessary grooming items.

- Toothpaste

- Toothbrush

- Sanitary napkins and tampons

- Body wash

- Moisturizer

- Fresh Towels

- Cleansing Soap

- Deodorants

- Shaving cream and razor

  1. Electronic items: Make a list of all the electronic items you own and then tick the ones you think are suitable and convenient for you to add to the hurricane emergency kit. It must include the following:

- Cellphones

- Power charger

- GPS device

- Flashlight

- Extra pair of fresh batteries

Instead of flashlights you could also consider glow sticks. They do not require any external battery, give out a bright neon light enough to compete with the flashlight and have a long storage life. OR consider keeping them as an extra. They will hardly take up any space and will be your savior when both the batteries die out.
  1. Money: The head of the family must collect all the valuables that include money and credit cards because wherever you go you might need little money to survive. ATMs might be out of order so don't rely on them.
  1. Important Document: Since you are preparing for the hurricane emergency in advance you have the time on your hands to realize that it is essential to pack all the important documents. Every member of the family must be made responsible for their documents. The important documents include:

- Passport

- Identity Card

- Formal Education Documents

Pack them all in a water tight plastic bag so that they don't get destroyed by the hurricane.
  1. Fuel: Get your vehicle's fuel tank filled completely depending upon the situation. Even if you reside in a safe zone where minimal to no effects of the hurricane are going to be observed, you never know when the conditions might change, and you might have to move out as soon as possible. Also, you might need to drive for a long duration with no gas station for long distance.
  1. Food and Water: These are the two ultimate essentials where most people make mistakes. Instead of just filling your house up with all the food and water supplies you can gather you must consider that fact that you are preparing an emergency kit that you might have to take along when the conditions worsen. Will it be possible for you to take a fridge full of packaged or canned food? How long will it even last? What about water? One person needs a gallon of water each day. How many gallons will you carry and how long will that last? You can make an assumption of being in a safe place in 3 to 7 days, but that is only an assumption. You must prepare yourself for the worst.
A much better option is MRE or meals ready to eat. These are food supplies for the military that have specifically been designed to help you survive in adverse conditions. Here are a few characteristics of civilian MREs which will help you understand why comparatively expensive but a much better option they are over canned and packaged food.

- They are hermetically sealed in an isolated environment that helps them in retaining their nutritional value for a long time

- A single pack of MRE contains meals for the entire day: breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner. They also contain desserts and beverages.

- MREs come with their water supplies for the day

- MREs are made rugged for disaster. MREs are impact- resistant

- You do not need to heat an MRE before consuming it. They come with a self-heating system that becomes active as soon as you open the MRE box and press a switch.

- They last from 3 days to even a years.

- They have their eating utensils including a fork or a spoon.

In short, MREs are self-sufficient, and once you have stocked yourself up with MRE packs, you don't have to worry about anything else when it comes to food and water. Hurricane preparedness also involves figuring out the safe place where you want to go.
  1. If possible, the family should leave the hurricane prone immediately as soon as the officials announce an order to leave the area. Once the condition worsens you will be stuck and will have no option to leave.
  2. Once you leave, aim to reach to a place that is safe from the danger of the hurricane.
  3. It is never safe to be in an open area during the hurricane because due to the high-speed winds, and the thunderstorms here are high chances of you getting knocked off by a flying object.
If your home is in a zone where the effect of the hurricane will not be that severe, then you should take some precautionary measures to protect your house against the after-effects of the hurricane.
  1. The first step that you must take to protect the house during the hurricane is to cover all the areas. Buy a hurricane shutter and install it at your home before the hurricane approaches.
  2. Other areas of the house such as the doors, windows, straps and garage shutters must be reinforced before the hurricane approaches.
  3. If you are going to keep your pet with you during the storm and take it with you when you leave the house in case, the storm worsens, make sure it has an ID card around its neck. The card must contain your contact information so that if the pet gets lost it can be traced back to you.
  4. If you are going to stay in a hotel during the storm, then you must do your research to know if the hotel allows pets to stay or not. Some hotels, no matter what the conditions, have a strict "no pets allowed" policy
  5. If you have pets in the family, then you need to take extra measures to stock up their supplies too because you might not have the chance to go out once the storm hits. If there is an option of sending them to a safer place, a relative's house or a shelter up until the storm subsides then you must do that. The emergency kit for a pet must include the following items:

- Necessary medication

- Food and water in a quantity that must last for at least a week

- Bed and toys of the pet IF there is enough space

- A recent photograph of your pet, in case it gets lost you can use the picture to ask people to identify them.

No one can control a natural disaster. What you can control is how you prepare for it.

Wildlife Adventure and MRE

By vertigo in Home Block, Outdoors
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A wildlife tourism is one of the most thrilling experiences that you can have. It introduces you to that aspect of nature that remains hidden behind the boundaries of wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and reserved forests. A wildlife safari is a trip you take through the wilderness with the prime purpose of enjoying the beauty of nature first hand. It does not involve any hunting. It is one of the most enthusiastic nature tours that you will ever get to go on because from hiking, sightseeing to driving in the middle of raw natural surroundings, a safari involves a lot of activities. If done accurately then a wildlife safari provides you a never had before experience. However, there are two basic requirements that you must be willing to fulfill before you set out on a safari trip to fully enjoy it:
  • Sensitiveness
  • Self-discipline
Our planet, Earth is blessed with a humongous diversity of plants and animals. There are a lot of countries that abound in the wildlife and, therefore, offer amazing wildlife safari tours. Africa is known to be the richest continent on earth when it comes to experiencing the rarest and most indigenous wildlife. From African elephants, florescent flamingoes, a seemingly ceaseless herd of zebras making their way across the grasslands to a fierce lion walking past your jeep, wild buffaloes, rhinoceros and leopards, an African Safari is living an adventure at the highest possible level. India is another amazing place to visit with the purpose of going on wildlife or a jungle safari. It has plenty of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks spread all across the country. There are two types of safari trips that you can go on. One is a short stay safari in which you go to a national park or a wildlife sanctuary. From there you are taken on a two to three day long trip to the park accompanied by a professional guide. It can be done in one of the following ways:
  • Jeep Safari: Going through the wild in a jeep is one of the best ways of undertaking a safari because jeep rides maximize your chances of seeing wildlife. A jeep also helps you cover most parts of the area in much lesser time thus giving you more time to enjoy.
  • Elephant Safari: Elephant safari is also one of the most common ways of undertaking a safari. It has an advantage over the jeep safari because an elephant is the part of the forest, and it doesn't let the animals think that there is an outsider in the forest which can lead some animals to go in a hideout. Also, an elephant safari is experiencing wildlife while sitting on an animal without causing any pollution and noise. The lack of noise helps you in tracing the sounds of many animals thereby adding a cherry on the top of your amazing wildlife experience.
  • Water Safari: Water based safaris are also offered in places that are covered, for the most part, in water. You are given a ride on the boat giving you a trip throughout the area. It is one of the calmest, relaxing and pleasant ways to go on a safari.
The second type of safari is a long safari that is mostly pursued in open forests and jungles and lasts for a few days. Going on a long jungle safari usually involves a lot of preparation when compared to the short safaris in government aided natural surroundings. They are strenuous and tiring because you keep driving all day. In places with dense forestry where you cannot take your car further you have to hike around for the most part. This is where survival factor comes into play. Therefore, there is a certain level of preparation that you must attain before your safari trip. Jungle safaris are very adventurous. There are a lot of private safari companies that offer a jungle safari. Here is a list of things that you must equip yourself with when setting out on any safari trip.
  1. Clothing: Wear a comfortable cotton fabric outfit during the safari. The clothes made of vinyl and synthetic fabrics should not be worn at any cost because the material of these clothes reflects ultraviolet light. This light is highly visible to the wild animals, especially during the night. Similarly, you must wash your clothes using a detergent that does not contain brighteners, for the same reason.
Apart from the clothing you wear you must carry the following with you.
  • Neutrally colored clothing
  • 2 to 3 short sleeve t-shirts
  • 2 to 3 long sleeved t- shirts
  • 2 - 3 pairs of shorts
  • A convertible cargo pant for areas that has dense forestry on the ground
  • A fleece jacket
  • Waterproof pants
  • Socks
  • Underwear
  • Hankies
  • Lightweight rain jacket
  • Fleece jacket
  • Walking shoes
  • Lightweight shoes
  • Swimsuit
  • Warm sleeping outfit for camping safaris
  • Wide-brimmed hat
  1. Flight: If you are on a long safari trip, and you will be commuting to different game parks through small charter aircrafts then you have to take care of the weight of your luggage. There are stringent rules regarding the weight of the luggage you are allowed to carry on these aircrafts so make sure that you pack only the most necessary items.
  1. Power Plugs: An important part of the safari experience is being able to capture your memories while living it. You will, therefore, take your camera and even your mobile phones and iPads with you. All these items need to be charged, so it is important that you carry a cigarette lighter charger. Although the lodges and safari camps you get to stay in may have charging facilities but there's nothing bad in having a backup that you can use anytime.
  1. Footwear: Footwear forms an important part of the safari, especially if you will be hiking and trailing through the wild forests. Sometimes the damp forest floors or the rain from up above may get inside your shoes irrespective of how waterproof they are. The better option is to carry flip flops and wear them anytime your shoes betray you.
  1. Camera: Needless to say, no safari trip is complete without you capturing the wildlife into your lens. Prefer caring a camera with a high-resolution lens that is powerful because most of the times you cannot get close enough to a wild animal to get a good look at it, and you have to use your camera to zoom in.
If you have an SLR, then you need to shop for a powerful telephoto lens for it. The main aim is to have a camera that you don't need to point at the target and has a powerful zoom in quality.
  1. Baggage: It's important to have the right baggage when going out on a safari trip.
  • First of all, it must only be large enough for you to stuff all your essentials in it and small enough for you to carry it around easily
  • It must be waterproof so that not only will it keep the insides all dry but will also protect them from the dust of the dry grasslands.
  • A day bag will prove to be handy if you have to leave your car behind and go out hiking for the rest of the day. You can transfer the things you need instead of carrying the entire backpack with you.
  1. First Aid Kit: First aid kit is the most important thing that you should not forget at any costs while preparing for your wildlife or jungle safari. Roaming out in the wild with nothing but small shrubs and bushes that are flourishing with all kinds of insects, mosquitoes, bugs and small creatures puts you into a lot of risks. Here is a list of things you must have in your first aid box.
  • Sunscreen: Carry a sunscreen that is not greasy and doesn't smell. It is necessary to moisturize your arms and face. Also, it must be SPF 30 or above.
  • Insect repellant
  • Mosquito net
  • Skin cream
  • Malaria Tablets
  • Citronella or other body soap
  • Small scissors
  • Q-tips and cotton balls
  • Sanitary Requirements
  • Contact lens and an extra set of disposable lenses
  • Band-Aids and moleskin
  • Vitamins
  • Painkillers
  • Antiseptic Cream
  • Motion sickness tablets
  • Heartburn remedy
  • Re-hydration salts
  • Anti- diarrhea medicine
  • Cold/ flu tablets
  • Allergy remedy
  • Sterile needles
  • Prescribes medicine
  1. Safari Equipment: Safari equipment involves all the things that you will need to have a good safari experience. Here is a list of safari equipment that you definitely must have on you for your safari:
  • Flashlights: Needed, especially in dense forests or during the evenings as its starts to get dark, a flashlight will save you a lot of troubles.
  • Binoculars: During a safari you'll witness some animals that are far out in the open, and you can't get close to them to have a look because common, they're wild animals. Sometimes you won't be allowed to go beyond certain boundaries because some parts of the forest are off the safari limits. So you have to have a good pair of binoculars that offer a good zoom- in.
  • iPad/ Tablet: If you have one at your place, prefer taking it with you because you can get access to some knowledgeable reference material and can also review and transfer the pictures you have taken during the day trip to make way for more space for the next day.
  • Hat: Sometimes the sun is shining so bright that the sunscreen is not enough. So get a hat with a chin tie to keep yourself guarded against the sun during the peak mid-day hours.
  • Extras: Carry an extra pair of fresh batteries, extra memory cards, and lens cleaner
  • Sleeping Bag: This is important especially if you are going on a camping safari.
  • Travel Pillow: A travel pillow is a must on those long safari trip nights.
  • Waterproof matches
  • A small unbreakable mirror
  • Wet wipes and hand sanitizer
  • Pocket Knife
  • Toothbrush and toothpaste
  • Lip balm
  • Razor and shaving cream
  1. Food: Food comes to play a prime role in preparing for a safari. Though safari lodges offer food, it's always good to have a backup of your own. Safari is tiring because you are out there in the open, sometimes in a jeep, other times on foot. You need to stay hydrated and energized at all times. Also, you cannot afford to load your backpack with canned foods that will look like something else when you open them because you need to store them in cool temperatures, and you also need to heat them before consuming.
MRE or meals, ready to eat packets designed especially for a trip just like this. They are light in weight, packed with nutrition. Hermetically sealed and offer a large variety of foods. They do not need any heating before consumption because they come with an automatic self-heating system. Also, they are made to last for 5 years. Also, you don't have to worry about carrying extra water bottles because they have water packets in them.
  1. A Sense of Adventure: This is perhaps the most important reason that you have planned for a safari trip. Don't let the fatigue take over and make sure that you keep this spirit alive in you, throughout your trip.

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